The Offshore Windpark Egmond aan Zee is located 10 to 18 kilometres from the Dutch coast at Egmond aan Zee. The turbines are visible from the shore if the weather is fine.
When choosing this offshore location the interests of other users of the North Sea, such as fishermen, recreational boating, shipping, sand extraction, military zones and oil and gas extraction, were taken into account.
Especially in the field of safety specific demands are made of the wind farm so as to guard against dangerous situations for fishing and shipping. These demands relate to illumination, colour combination, signposting and the use of sound signals such as foghorns.
“Radar reflectors” are placed on two of the wind turbines. This is to avoid a radar shadow in the area covered by the radar station in IJmuiden and the appearance of “ghost images” caused by reflection of the turbines on the radar system.
For air traffic safety red obstacles lights are placed on the roof of the wind turbines. This lighting is invisible or virtually invisible from the shore.
To prevent shipping from being exposed to unsafe situations and damage being caused to the wind turbines, a safety zone is instituted. The safety zone is 500 metres. This is customary for oil and gas extraction platforms as well. The wind farm and safety zone are shown on marine maps. The introduction of this safety zone means that the wind farm and the surrounding zone of 500 metres are closed to all shipping. Only maintenance vessels of NoordzeeWind and ships on government business will be allowed to enter the safety zone, as will vessels carrying out research for the Monitoring and Evaluation Programme.
During the construction the area of the wind farm was marked with buoys. Agreements have been reached with the coastguard and the local port authority about the signposting, surveillance and maintaining safety during the operation of the wind farm.